Opinion, Essay, Architecture, Green New Deal, Working from Home, Public Spaces, Safety, Videoconferencing, Technology, COVID-19, Future Trends
Architecture, like music, is a public art. Both depend upon the larger public as viewers/listeners/consumers in order to exist; both suffer when public spaces, and public access, are in short supply. Today that is very much the case.
Because I am both an architect and a singer, for many years I wrote a blog called Frozen Music. My choral music community is a big part of my life. During this pandemic, my choral music colleagues have been figuring out ways of singing together. We canâ€™t help itâ€”singing sustains us.
Some of the results have been inspiring, but no one is happy to lose the visceral pleasure of singing together in the same space. There are lots of videos that use a form of ZOOM editing to produce â€śperformancesâ€ť among actors, singers, and instrumentalists. One of the best was produced recently at Julliard in New York. They arenâ€™t happy to be playing in a virtual orchestra; you can see it in the faces of each student and teacher at the famous school.
For architecture, there is a sliver of a silver lining to the pandemic, in that private spacesâ€”houses, apartments, gardensâ€”have attained a public presence for all of us. We must work, exercise, play, worship, watch performances, clean up, and do business from our domestic environments. More important, our home places must be capable of sustaining us in these activities. â€śWorking from homeâ€ť has taken on a new meaning. Apparently some companies are institutionalizing the practice, which will lead to fewer office rentals, and eventually the need to find new uses for the vacant buildings.
In a recent book on house renovations and additions, my co-author, Gordon Bock, and I underlined the coming requirement for more in-home telecommuting and workspaces. We understood 10 years ago that many societal factors were forcing businesses and institutions to find ways of bringing work, and workers, together â€śremotely,â€ť as the cost of office space increased and commuting times lengthened. There is no question that designers now confront these problems with a new urgency.
If the house is to become a primary workspace, how will designers address the need to provide necessary privacy for other members of the family who cannot be near those working (for whatever reason, including the noise each may make)? Many of us in quarantine are confronting these issues every day, if our family members are near our home offices. There are solutions to this, but we have to think seriously about which ones are acceptable in our particular situations, with different ages, sexes, and health conditions in every family.
On the other side of the coin, urbanists throughout the world are talking and writing about the pressing need for more public spaces in cities, as new desires for fresh air and exercise push people out of their cramped houses and apartments. These policy experts and designers have been making the same case for decades, generally to deaf and dumb politicians who listen only to developers and business interests when it comes to new planning initiatives. Even the so-called public spaces in developments like Hudson Yards in New York require passes for non-residents. Weâ€™re not building enough parks, bikeways, pedestrian squares, or open-air performance venues to meet the demand of our citizens. The same situation persists worldwide, only mitigated in some societies (Spain, Italy, Mexico perhaps) where â€śramblasâ€ť and public piazzas have been built for centuries and continue to be used by everyone. In temperate climates larger public spaces make sense; elsewhere it may be impractical to build and condition such spaces.
Even increased access to public transportation and the need to keep auto traffic from clogging city streets have become hot-button issues in the new world of social distancing and epidemics. John Massengale, a noted Congress for the New Urbanism leader and expert on street design, has proposed new ways of â€śgreeningâ€ť New York streets by limiting vehicle speeds and auto access to some side streets throughout lower Manhattan. These design strategies have been used successfully in Europe but have seldom been employed successfully in the United States. It is high time we looked more seriously at them.
As the distance between our private realms and our public ones increases, so the need for each becomes more acute. This paradox is one that all architects should embrace, and c